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dc.contributor.authorZobay, Oliver
dc.contributor.otherAkeroyd, Michael
dc.descriptionDisclaimer: THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. USE IS ENTIRELY AT THE USER'S OWN RISK. For contributions to the development of the software, we gratefully acknowledge Victor Chilekwa, Sygal Amitay, Johanna Barry, Hannah Stewart, Yuxuan Zhang and Dave Moore. The development of the software was done at the MRC Institute of Hearing Research and supported by intramural funding from the MRC. The TAiL program makes use of the following software packages: Math.NET (, OxyPlot (, Apache log4net (, NAudio (, Michael Kennedy's SystemHook library (, devExpress (
dc.description.abstractThe Test of Attention in Listening (TAiL) provides a convenient instrument for measuring two aspects of auditory attention, i.e., involuntary orienting and conflict resolution. To capture these abilities, the listener is required to assess the relationship between two sequentially presented tones, with respect to either their location (same or different ear), or their frequency (same or different frequency). Performance is assessed in terms of reaction times and error rates. This submission presents a standalone Windows implementation of the test which has the following main features: (a) Three subtests (tasks): Attend-Frequency: listener attends to tone frequency ignoring location, Attend-Location: listener attends to tone location ignoring frequency, Baseline processing efficiency: listener responds as quickly as possible after the second tone (ignoring sound characteristics); (b) Child-friendly presentation in the form of an engaging video game; (c) Fixed or variable inter-stimulus interval optionally providing an additional temporal cue; (d) Task configuration through GUI or by configuration file; (e) Task presentation in either demonstration or test mode; (f) Guided interactive calibration of the sound output level; (g) Automated post-processing and computation of key outcome measures; (h) Easy installation without need for additional third-party software (however, use of a high-quality sound card is recommended); (i) Additional version with subject instructions in French.en_UK
dc.publisherThe University of Nottinghamen_UK
dc.subject.lcshListening -- Problems, exercises, etc.en_UK
dc.subject.lcshListening -- Researchen_UK
dc.subject.meshHearing Disorders -- diagnosisen_UK
dc.titleSoftware implementation of the Test of Attention in Listeningen_UK
dc.subject.freeTAiL test, Test of Attention in Listeningen_UK
dc.subject.jacsSubjects Allied to Medicine::Aural & oral sciences::Audiologyen_UK
dc.subject.jacsBiological Sciences::Psychology::Cognitive & affective psychology::Psychology of perceptionen_UK
dc.subject.jacsBiological Sciences::Psychology::Psychobiology::Cognitive neuroscienceen_UK
dc.subject.lcW Medicine and related subjects (NLM Classification)::WV Otolaryngologyen_UK
dc.subject.lcB Philosophy. Psychology. Religion::BF Psychologyen_UK
uon.divisionUniversity of Nottingham, UK Campus::Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences::School of Medicineen_UK
uon.funder.controlledMedical Research Councilen_UK
uon.datatypeSoftware installation package and documentationen_UK
uon.institutes-centresUniversity of Nottingham, UK Campus::MRC Institute of Hearing Researchen_UK

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