Unit 4



In this Unit, you will be introduced to Vygotsky's social theory of mind and its implications for classroom teaching. In his short life, Vygotsky (1896-1934) offered an alternative to Piaget's model of the child as a ‘lone scientist' in arguing that infants are born as social beings and that all learning is social. He believed that "we become ourselves through others". The Unit will encourage you to explore some of Vygotsky's central ideas in relation to your own work in the classroom.  

Intended Learning Outcomes

By the end of this Unit, you will have:

  • examined some of Vygotsky's most important theoretical ideas
  • contrasted Vygotsky's ideas on egocentric speech with those of Piaget
  • explored some principles of Vygotskian pedagogy
  • examined the concept of ‘scaffolding'
  • related Vygotsky's ideas to your own teach