Activity 4

Differentiation by Task, Outcome and Support

Differentiation involves teaching the same curriculum to all pupils through use of a range of teaching strategies to meet the different learning needs of individual pupils.

This process could involve differentiation by task, outcome or support.

In differentiation by task, work is provided which is suitable for individuals or small groups of pupils within the class. (For example, graded activities might be provided on work cards).

In differentiation by outcome, the same task is set for the whole class. Any differentiation arises naturally in the end product of the task, relative to each pupil's ability. (For example, pupils asked to write a newspaper article about an event in a class novel would respond in their own way at their own level).

In differentiation by support, certain pupils within the group are given additional help for a range of different reasons. Such help might be offered, for example, by a learning support assistant.

WRITE: List the advantages and disadvantages of each of these approaches to differentiation - by task, outcome and support. Then compare your own list with the following list.

(Allow 25 minutes)